THE FORESTS AND GARDENS OF SOUTH INDIA.
London: W.H. Allen & Co., 1861 . First edition. Often called "the father of scientific forestry" Hugh Cleghorn developed a deep and well documented interest in forestry while working as an assistant surgeon for the East India Company in, among other places, the Mysore Commission. Although born in Madras, he was educated as a medical doctor in Edinburgh before undertaking his work in India. Eventually he became a leading influence in the creation of the forest department in the Presidency of Madras. He broadened the understanding of the role of forests in hydrology and in the flow of rivers. The text of FOREST AND GARDENS OF SOUTH INDIA is supplemented by lithographic plates from illustrations by Douglas Hamilton who travelled with Cleghorn to explore the Anamali range. Cleghorn's preface calls for careful forest conservation in the tropics. His text includes numerous reports on forests such as Anamalai, the Salem and the Mudumalai forests; rules for the preservation of jungles; notes on trees suitable for avenue planting and plants for hedges; descriptions of woods for furniture, engraving, etc. Also included are a report on the Bangalore Public Gardens with a catalogue of its plants and both bibliography and glossary. Cleghorn has been the subject of two recent books by Henry Noltie of the Royal Botanic Garden at Edinburgh. Pritzel 1743. 8vo (18.3 x 11.5 cm); 38 x 38 cm. folding hand-colored map as frontispiece; xiv, (2), 412 pp. with text illustrations + 13 leaves of lithographed plates of which 10 are folding.
Original green publisher's cloth, blind-stamped on covers and gilt titled on spine; gently nicked at spine ends, mild shelfwear, including bumping of corners. Original endpapers with professional reinforcement on front inner joint; small tears without loss at folds of map; 2 small minor stains in margin only of Plate 5; a few very small tears 1 cm or so without loss at folds of some plates; inner upper hinge cracked, but now repaired and tightened.
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